Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Photo Types - Lesser known Types

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Captain Kirk





 


Genealogy tip for the day: Photo Types – Less Popular Types

Crayon Portraits are images that are weak pictures and appear in neutral black images. Then the picture is gone over with crayon or charcoal. These came about in 1860 and lasted into the 20th century.

Carbon Prints were created by Mungo Ponton in 1839 when he discovered the process. Bichromates when added to a gelatin mix resulted in an insoluble coating. However the process was cumbersome and didn't last. Also without proper care, these faded easily.

Platinum Prints consists of finely divided platinum metal and are exceptionally stable. They came in use in 1880 and lasted till about 1930. It has a matte surface with a steely gray image.

Cyanotypes are called the blue print process because of the blue tinge to the pictures. Sir John Hershel came up with the process in the 1840’s. It was used infrequently until the 1880’s.  This process is still in use today but is used more for technical drawings, etc. and is better known as blue prints.

Timeline:
Daguerreotypes: 1839-1860
Salt Prints (salted paper): 1839-1860
Carbon Prints: 1839-1990 (peak: 1864-1950)
Cyanotypes: discovered 1842, used for photography: 1880’s-present
Albumen Prints: 1850-1900 (peak: 1860-1890)
Ambrotypes: 1851-1880’s
Tintypes: 1854-1930’s
Crayon Portraits: 1860-1900’s
Platinum prints: 1880-1930

Interestingly, you will note that the discovery that chemicals could produce images all came about the same time. Most of the inventors were in Britain, or in America

(Aside, it is the need to preserve family photos properly that got me into Scrapbooking. Genealogy often leads into Scrapbooking.)



“History is who we are; Genealogy is who I am” sg



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Jane Austen


January 29
1813

Jane Austin publishes Pride and Prejudice.
1861

Kansas is admitted into the Union as the 34th state.
1862

William Quantrill and his Confederate raiders attack Danville, Kentucky.
1918

The Supreme Allied Council meets at Versailles.
1926

Violette Neatley Anderson becomes the first African-American woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
1929

The Seeing Eye, America's first school for training dogs to guide the blind, founded in Nashville, Tennessee.
1931

Winston Churchill resigns as Stanley Baldwin's aide.
1942

German and Italian troops take Benghazi in North Africa.
1944

The world's greatest warship, Missouri, is launched.
1950

Riots break out in Johannesburg, South Africa, over the policy of Apartheid.
1967

Thirty-seven civilians are killed by a U.S. helicopter attack in Vietnam.
1979

President Jimmy Carter commutes the sentence of Patty Hearst.
1984

President Ronald Reagan announces that he will run for a second term.
1984

The Soviets issue a formal complaint against alleged U.S. arms treaty violations.
1991

Iraqi forces attack into Saudi Arabian town of Kafji, but are turned back by Coalition forces.
Born on January 29
1737

Thomas Paine, political essayist (The Rights of Man, The Age of Reason).
1843

William McKinley, 25th President of the United States.
1880

W.C. Fields, comedian and actor (David Copperfield, My Little Chickadee).

W. C. Fields 

honeyfuggle

PRONUNCIATION:
(HUN-ee-fuh-guhl)

MEANING:
verb tr., intr.: To deceive or swindle, especially by flattery.

ETYMOLOGY:
Perhaps from honey + fugle (to cheat). Earliest documented use: 1829. Also spelled as honeyfugle.

USAGE:
"Don't try to honeyfuggle me, Wolf McCloud. I'm not pretty, and we both know it."
Jane Bonander; Wild Heart; Pocket Books; 1995.


Quote for the Day
It is not only the prisoners who grow coarse and hardened from corporal punishment, but those as well who perpetrate the act or are present to witness it. -Anton Chekhov, short-story writer and dramatist (1860-1904)



Today’s Recipe
Soups for Cold Winter Days



Yield – 4 servings

My mother was quite the fan of squash, although I have never acquired the taste as much as she had. So I know there are a lot of squash lovers. Here is a squash soup recipe for you. It looks good! J You’ll have to tell me if it is.

Ingredients

  • 2 1/2 pounds butternut squash
  • 3 sweet apples, such as Golden Delicious (about 1 1/4 lb. total)
  • 3 cups fat-skimmed chicken broth
  • 1/2 cup dry white wine
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/8 teaspoon hot chili flakes
  • Salt and pepper
  • 3 tablespoons minced fresh chives

Preparation

1. Rinse squash; cut in half lengthwise and scoop out seeds. Place halves cut side down in a 12- by 17-inch baking pan. Peel, halve, and core apples; add to pan, along with 1/4 cup water.
2. Bake in a 400° regular or convection oven until squash and apples are tender when pierced, about 45 minutes. When cool enough to handle, scoop flesh of squash from peels; discard peels.
3. In a blender or food processor, in batches if necessary, whirl squash, apples, and broth until smooth. Pour purée into a 3- to 4-quart pan. Add wine, cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, and chili flakes. Bring to a simmer over medium-high heat; reduce heat and simmer, stirring occasionally, to blend flavors, about 15 minutes. Add salt and pepper to taste.
4. Ladle soup into wide bowls and garnish with chives.

Nutritional Information

Amount per serving
  • Calories: 224
  • Calories from fat: 2.8%
  • Protein: 8.6g
  • Fat: 0.7g
  • Saturated fat: 0.1g
  • Carbohydrate: 46g
  • Fiber: 6.7g
  • Sodium: 67mg
  • Cholesterol: 0.0mg


ENJOY!

Now You Know!